Articulation is the ability one has to produce the sounds in a given language.
To put it simply, articulation (artic for short) has to do with expressive language. It is the way someone says each sound. Now, given on where you live, some sound errors are accepted, like not saying an 'r' at the end of a word.
Articulation can be a simple substitution of a sound (commonly, 'w' for 'r'), an omission of the sound (not saying it at all), or a distortion of the sound (like a lisp). Speech language pathologists (SLPs) categorize these sounds based on where in a word the phoneme* falls. Initial means the phoneme begins the word, medial means the phoneme is in the middle of the word, and final means the phoneme is at the end of the word.
It is important to note that not all speech sound errors are articulation errors. Patterns of errors also exist and are referred to as phonological processes. The easiest way to explain this is that each phoneme is categorized by manner, place, and voicing. Your local SLP can explain to you what specific sound errors or patterns your child might have. Knowing the difference between a phonological process and an articulation error guides the treatment for your child, as different interventions have proven effective in each case.
*A phoneme is the sound. It's called a phoneme rather than a letter because some letters can say the same sound (like 'c', 'k', or 'ck'), or can say multiple sounds (like 'c' in 'circus' and 'cake').
Articulation activity ideas:Follow @Rebeccaslptalks
Posted by on 2012-07-20 02:36:58. Last updated: 2012-12-29 05:29:07.